P for Participatory Monitoring and Evaluation (PM&E)


Participatory Monitoring and Evaluation (PM&E) is a process in which all the stakeholders who took part of a certain project are engaged in the activities of monitoring, data collection and final evaluation. All stakeholders SHARE the planning framework, definition of indicators, control process, content, and final results. In the end, all stakeholders together are able to identify obstacles and complications; this is then followed by a series of learn-lessons, corrective actions and a possible project reimplementation. It is an action-oriented tool where all stakeholders become active participants rather than just sources of information.


Different stakeholders… personal point of views, concerns and interests!


  • Promotes transparency and trust, as all stakeholders and beneficiaries are involved in the process, as well as their personal concerns and interests.
  • Empowers beneficiaries as they share the decision power.
  • Promotes local planning process.
  • Builds collective ownership of a program or policy.
  • Assures inclusive corrective actions responding to specific needs of the affected ones.
  • Encourages analysis and reflections from the project’s progress and obstacles faced.
  • Provides feedback for future program implementation and other participatory programs.
  • Stresses in social indicators as much as economic ones.
  • Encourages on the respect of social values.



  • Social mapping
  • Focus group discussions
  • Logical framework analysis
  • Beneficiary assessment
  • Participant observation
  • Testimonials
  • Transect walk
  • Venn diagram
  • Scenario comparison (before/after).
  • Net-Map
  • Participatory mapping 



Group Work


Participatory Evaluation


Uttarakhand Decentralized Watershed Development Project in India – known as Gramya. The objective was to improve productive potential of natural resources for rural inhabitants living near degraded watersheds. The project and outcomes were monitored and evaluated by the community and other stakeholders and corrections where made for reimplementation. Simultaneously other upgrading projects have been taken place in the same zones, empowering the community in different areas.

Official Video:

Oficial Website:



Participatory Assessments


Monitoring the watershed development project in Uttarakhand

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